ARTICLE TITLE: Discourse of economics against discourse of economic system: from understanding reality to the creation of meanings
AUTHORS: Koshovets O. , Orekhovsky P.
ABSTRACT: The authors consider the existing types of discursive practices that is economics and economic system and give the examples of successful and problematic concepts of these discourses (human capital, technological structures) while evaluating its influence on economic policy and socio-cultural significance in the creation of the ideas about the economic. A key feature of the dominant discourse that is economics is logical realism and universalism. It enables to expand the basic concepts and narratives of this discourse not only on others disciplines, but also bring them into institutional and political analysis. Moreover, it is responsible for the fact that the economics discourse does not seek to describe the economic, but rather perform the function of creating a uniform reality, the social construction of economy as such. A key feature of the economic systems discourse is nominalism, which in principle rejects the idea of constructing a universal object. Since there is no conceptual hard core and the unity of language, what matters is the creation of interpretations and social construction of meaning which refers to the economic as something actually existing. That enables to keep the epistemological task of objective representation. However, the economic system discourse is potentially ready to occupy the place of the dominant discourse and to impose its own rules of telling stories.
KEYWORDS: discourse , social construction of reality , economic system , human capital , neomercantilism , technological paradigms