This article discusses the transformation of violence in political resource and formation of power markets of various types representing a set of transactions with a political resource. It is shown that there are different discrete structural alternatives of political markets organization. The authors examine Russia’s present political markets, not only at the national but also at the regional level (in Kemerovo region). From the point of view of the authors, in modern Russia is premature to speak of "open access orders". We can talk only about the development of institutional projects aimed at modifying existing political and bureaucratic market.
violence , political resource , power markets , enforcement , business group , hybrid political and bureaucratic market