ARTICLE TITLE: Nation and democracy. Article 2. The Illusion of a Post-national World and the Crisis in Western Democracies
AUTHORS: Pain E.A. , Fedyunin S.Yu.
ABSTRACT: The second article (see the article 1 in the previous issue) focuses on another, different from the Russian case, aspect of the relationship between national unity and democracy. The analysis of national formation in Russia, provided in the first article, seemed to confirm an important thesis by D. Rustow (1970) claiming that national unity [remains] a single background condition of the democratisation process. Thus, in the absence of a real, not imaginary, national unity in Russia the building of democratic institutions is significantly disturbed. In this paper, considering both the EU and the US cases, the authors argue that the maintaining of modern democracy needs the very same background condition, whereas the current crisis in western political system is mainly due to such factors as national deconsolidation, deformation of civic nations and the elitist concept of post-national world. The article aims at showing that that idea remains an illusion and investigates its links to other fallacies, namely those about the causes of the national-populist wave, Brexit and the unexpected Trumps election in the United States. The authors approach contributes to a better understanding of the relationship between nationhood, democracy and civil participation, as well as highlights the role of national identity as a key collective identity in the modern world
KEYWORDS: national consent , national identity , democracy , national populism , cosmopolitanism , West , Europe , USA