ARTICLE TITLE: Official Human Rights Discourse in Post-Communist Russia: from Liberalism to Paternalism
AUTHORS: Zakharova O.
ABSTRACT: This article shows that, in the period between 2000 and 2014, the dominated ideological paradigm, in which the elites human rights discourse developed, has shifted from liberal to paternalistic as well as the key categories of it were distorted. In the frame of paternalistic discourse constructed by the threat rhetoric, which has become the core discursive mean in Russian political discourse, enjoying human rights is represented as fraught with multiple serious threats, from which the state is selfobliged to protect citizens. Therefore, this type of discourse establishes a statesociety relationship model in which the state is seen a patron, foster father or guardian that restricts individuals rights in order to protect them. Considering such repressive and authoritative power helpful and protective, citizens accept their subordinate status and do not protest human rights abuses since undemocratic laws and practices are interpreted as actions addressing the needs of the society.
KEYWORDS: discourse analysis , human rights , political elite , paternalism , political language , rhetoric of threats