ARTICLE TITLE: Transformation of historical theories at the decline of the USSR and in post-Soviet Russia
ABSTRACT: In the article, in the context of sociocultural and socio-psychological processes and the development of the world historical science, theoretical problems that faced the domestic historical science in the second half of the 20th and beginning of the 21st centuries, and ways of their solution are traced. The positions of the major historians, connections of their theoretical positions with their world outlook are presented. Their innovations are considered within the framework of cultural, anthropological, and spatial turns in historical knowledge. The problems of modern transformation of directions of knowledge created by them, the centers of innovative historical thought and the perspective of historical knowledge in modern Russia are analyzed
KEYWORDS: civilization approach , history of mentalities , history of everyday life , new imperial history , cognitive history , intellectual history , histoire croisée