ARTICLE TITLE: Acceleration of History: Causal Mechanisms and Limits
ABSTRACT: The problem of acceleration of history is considered not in the traditional manner of numerical extrapolation but through a theoretical analysis of the causal mechanisms, the relationship with the known trends of social evolution. The factors contributing to the emergence of such innovations are as follows: 1) the demand for innovation; 2) the concentration of creative individuals and groups, the competition between them; 3) the intersection of several previously autonomous creative networks; 4) social conditions for the survival of innovation, absence or weakness of reduction factors; 5) sufficient breadth and density of communications for diffusion. Factors deeper casual layer are revealed. The main lines of modernization according R.Collins (secularization, bureaucratization, capitalist industrialization, democratization) as well as the role of globalization and ward are considered in terms of the acceleration of history. It is shown that some factors have stopped the action, while others contribute, rather, the polarization between societies.
KEYWORDS: acceleration of history , historical dynamics , innovation , secularization , bureaucratization , industrialization , capitalism , democratization , creative networks , human regimes , domination , wars , globalization