ARTICLE TITLE: Opportunities and Consequences of Nationalist Choice: Which Past Will Become the New Future
AUTHORS: Fabrykant M.
ABSTRACT: The article features the analysis of the current dynamics of nationalism as a political ideology and a part of mass consciousness. It states that, contrary to theoreticians’ expectations, globalization and modernization did not lead to gradual disappearance of nationalism. Instead nationalist set of issues and nationalist rhetoric cease to belong solely to the conservative part of the political spectrum and get engaged by representatives of different ideologies, even when a subject of debate is not related to the national issue. The author argues that the present emphasis on the nationalist issue in the global agenda implies not the total growth on nationalism, but its substantive change. Nationalism transforms from a means of uniting “imagined communities” to a means of self-expression of individual and supranational identities. The article specifically regards opportunities and consequences of the new kind of nationalism in the contemporary Russia amidst controversies between proponents and opponents of the instrumental use of nationalism for mass mobilization.
KEYWORDS: nationalism , postnationalism , globalization , modernization , national identity , anti-nationalism , instrumentalism